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Translated by: Dawud Burbank

THE SUPPLICATION OF THE FASTING PERSON WHILST HE IS FASTING IS ACCEPTED:



*Shaikh Muqbil ibn Haadee al-Waadi`ee -rahimahullaah- said in his al-Jaami`us-Saheeh mimmaa laisa fis-Saheehayn(2/505-506): [Book of Supplications and Adhkaar]:
48: Three whose supplication is not rejected:

*Ibn Maajah -rahimahullaah- said (vol.1, p. 557): `Alee ibn Muhammad narrated to us: Wakee` narrated to us: from Sa`daan al-Juhanee: from Sa`d, Aboo Mujaahid at-Taaýee -and he was reliable: from Aboo Mudillah -and he was reliable: from Aboo Hurairah, who said: Allaahýs Messenger ( صلى الله عليه و سلم) said: There are three whose supplication is not rejected: The just ruler; and the fasting person until he breaks his fast; and the supplication of the oppressed: Allaah raises it under the clouds on the Day of Resurrection, and opens up the gates of heaven, and says: By My Might! I shall certainly aid you, even if it be after a time .

* And Imaam Ahmad -rahimahullaah- reported it (vol.2, pp. 304-305), saying: Aboo Kaamil and Abun-Nadr narrated to us, both saying: Zuhayr narrated to us: Sa`daan at-Taaýee narrated to us. Abun-Nadr, Sa`d Aboo Mujaahid said: Abul-Mudillah the mawlaa of Ummul-Muýmineen narrated to us: that he heard Aboo Hurairah say: We said: O Messenger of Allaah! When we see you our hearts become soft, and we are from the people of the Hereafter; but when we depart from you this world attracts us, and we smell (our) women and children? He said: ‘’ If you were to remain in every situation upon the state which you are upon with me, then the Angels would shake you by the hands, and they would visit you in your houses; and if you did not commit sins, then Allaah would bring a people who did commit sins, in order that He should forgive them.’’ He said: We said: O Messenger of Allaah! Narrate to us about Paradise: how is it built? He said: ‘’ One brick of gold, and one brick of silver, and its cement is the sweetest smelling musk. Its pebbles are pearls and rubies, and its soil is saffron. Whoever enters it will be in bliss, and will never be unhappy. He will live forever, and never die. His clothing will not wear out, and his youth will never end. There are three whose supplication is not rejected: The just ruler: the fasting person until he breaks his fast, and the supplication of the oppressed: it is carried upon the clouds, and the gates of heaven are opened for it, and the Lord -the Mighty and Majestic- says: By My Might! I shall certainly aid you, even if it be after a time.’’

This is a Saheeh hadeeth.
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[[ There occurs in the footnotes to Faydul-Qadeer of al-Munaawee (3/324): ad-Dimyaree said: It is recommended for the fasting person to make supplication whilst he is fasting, for the important things of the Hereafter and of this world: for himself, and for those he loves, and for the Muslims, because of this hadeeth; and the narration of it until... So this necessitates the desirability of the fasting person making supplication from the start of his day until the end of it, because he is described as a fasting person throughout all of it....]]

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as-Saheehah(no.1797) 0f Shaikh Muhammad Naasiruddeen al-Albaanee -rahimahullaah:
‘’Three supplications are not rejected: the supplication of a father for his son; and the supplication of the fasting person, and the supplication of the traveller.’’
Reported by al-Bayhaqee (3/345), ad-Diyaa in al-Mukhtaarah(198/1), & ... from Anas...
I say: However it was reported by Ibn Maasee at the end of Juz ul-Ansaaree (9/2), and al-Birzaalee in Ahaadeeth muntakhabah minhu (no. 15): Aboo Muslim al-Kajjee narrated to us: Aboo `Aasim ad-Dahhaak ibn Makhlad narrated to us: from al-Hajjaaj -and he is Ibn Abee `Uthmaan as-Sawwaaf: from Yahyaa -meaning Ibn Abee Katheer: from Muhammad ibn `Alee: from Aboo Hurairah, with it.
I say: And this is a Saheeh chain of narration: all of its narrators are reliable...
And it is witnessed to by the other hadeeth of Aboo Hurairah, with the wording: ‘’ There are three whose supplication is not rejected: the fasting person until he breaks his fast, the just ruler, and the supplication of the oppressed’’ Reported by Ahmad and others, and declared Saheeh by Ibn Hibbaan (no.2407) and others; and it contains a Taabi`ee who is unknown , as I have made clear in Takhreejut-Targheeb (2/63).
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A WEAK HADEETH:

*As for the hadeeth: ‘’ There is for the fasting person, when he breaks his fast, a supplication that is not rejected.’’ Ibn Abee Mulaykah said: So I heard `Abdullaah ibn `Amr ibn al-`Aas say, when he broke his fast: Allaahumma innee asaluka bi-Rahmatikal-latee wasi`at kulla shaiýin an taghfira lee( O Allaah! I ask You by Your Mercy, which has encompassed everything, to forgive me).

-Reported by Ibn Maajah (no.1753), al-Haakim (1/422), Ibnus-Sunnee (no.481), and at-Tayaalisee (no.299), as a hadeeth of `Abdullaah ibn `Amr -radiyallaahu `anhumaa, then Shaikh al-Albaanee said in his checking of Sunan Ibn Maajah: Da`eef (Weak); and he detailed its weakness in al-Irwaa (4/41-45/no.921).
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