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Cry Like A Child


 Cry Like A Child

When you sit in the darkness of the night between the Hands of Your Master, then adopt the behaviour of the children. For indeed, the child when he seeks something from his father, and he is not given it, he cries over it.

— Ibn al-Jawzee رحمه الله [Al-Mudhish, 1/219]


How a Believer behaves


How a Believer behaves

بـسـم الله والحـمـد لله والـصلاة والـسـلام عــلى رسـول الله، وبـعـد

Wahb Ibn Munabbih رحمه الله said:

“The Believer intermingles to learn, adopts silence to protect (himself), speaks to teach and adopts isolation for success.”

[Siyar A`laam al-Nubalaa’] 



Source: http://foodiefahoodie.blogspot.co.uk/

The Beast



 The Beast

بـسـم الله والحـمـد لله والـصلاة والـسـلام عــلى رسـول الله، وبـعـد

Allaah تعالى said:

وَإِذَا وَقَعَ الْقَوْلُ عَلَيْهِم أَخْرَجْنَا لَهُمْ دَآبَّةً مِّنَ الاٌّرْضِ تُكَلِّمُهُمْ أَنَّ النَّاسَ كَانُوا بِـَايَـتِنَا لاَ يُوقِنُونَ


{And when the Word is fulfilled against them, We shall bring out from the earth a beast for them, to speak to them because mankind believed not with certainty in Our Ayaat.} [Surah Al-Naml (27): 82]

Imaam Ibn Katheer رحمه الله said:

This is the beast which will emerge at the end of time, when mankind has become corrupt and neglected the commands of Allaah and changed the true religion. Then Allaah will cause a beast to emerge from the earth. It was said that it will be brought from Makkah, or from somewhere else, as we shall discuss in detail below, if Allaah wills. The beast will speak to people about matters. Ibn `Abbaas رضي الله عنه, Al-Hasan and Qataadah said, and it was also narrated from `Ali رضي الله عنه that it will speak words, meaning, it will address them. Many Ahaadeeth and reports have been narrated about the beast, and we will narrate as many of them as Allaah enables us to, for He is the One Whose help we seek.

Imaam Ahmad recorded that Hudhayfah bin Asid Al-Ghifari رضي الله عنه said, "The Messenger of Allaah صلى الله عليه السلام came out from his room while we were discussing the matter of the Hour. He said: 

«لَا تَقُومُ السَّاعَةُ حَتَّى تَرَوْا عَشْرَ آيَاتٍ: طُلُوعُ الشَّمْسِ مِنْ مَغْرِبِهَا، وَالدُّخَانُ وَالدَّابَّةُ وَخُرُوجُ يَأْجُوجَ وَمَأْجُوجَ، وَخُرُوجُ عِيسَى ابْنِ مَرْيَمَ عَلَيْهِ السَّلَامُ، وَالدَّجَّالُ، وَثَلَاثَةُ خُسُوفٍ: خَسْفٌ بِالْمَغْرِبِ، وَخَسْفٌ بِالْمَشْرِقِ، وَخَسْفٌ بِجَزِيرَةِ الْعَرَبِ، وَنَارٌ تَخْرُجُ مِنْ قَعْرِ عَدَنٍ تَسُوقُ أَوْ تَحْشُرُ النَّاسَ، تَبِيتُ مَعَهُمْ حَيْثُ بَاتُوا وَتَقِيلُ مَعَهُمْ حَيْثُ قَالُوا»


“The Hour will not come until you see ten signs: the rising of the sun from the west; the smoke (Ad-Dukhan); emergence of the beast; the emergence of Ya'juj and Ma'juj; the appearance of `Isa bin Maryam عليه السلام; the Dajjal; and three land cave-ins, one in the west, one in the east and one in the Arabian Peninsula; and a Fire which will emerge from the midst of Yemen, and will drive or gather the people, stopping with them whenever they stop for the night or to rest during the day.” [This was also recorded by Muslim and the Sunan compilers from Hudhayfah, in a Mawquf report. At-Tirmidhi said, "It is Hasan Sahih.'' It was also recorded by Muslim from Hudhayfah in a Marfu` report. And Allaah knows best.]


Muslim bin Al-Hajjaj recorded (in his Saheeh) that `Abdullah bin `Amr said, "I memorized a Hadeeth from the Messenger of Allaah صلى الله عليه السلام which I never forgot afterwards. I heard the Messenger of Allaah صلى الله عليه السلام say:


«إِنَّ أَوَّلَ الْآيَاتِ خُرُوجًا طُلُوعُ الشَّمْسِ مِنْ مَغْرِبِهَا، وَخُرُوجُ الدَّابَّةِ عَلَى النَّاسِ ضُحًى، وَأَيَّتُهُمَا مَا كَانَتْ قَبْلَ صَاحِبَتِهَا فَالْأُخْرَى عَلَى إِثْرِهَا قَرِيبًا»


“The first of the signs to appear will be the rising of the sun from the west, and the emergence of the beast to mankind in the forenoon. Whichever of them appears first, the other will follow close behind it.”


In his Saheeh, Muslim recorded that Abu Hurayrah رضي الله عنه said that the Messenger of Allaah صلى الله عليه السلام said:

«بَادِرُوا بِالْأَعْمَالِ سِتًّا، طُلُوعَ الشَّمْسِ مِنْ مَغْرِبِهَا، وَالدُّخَانَ، وَالدَّجَّالَ، وَالدَّابَّةَ، وَخَاصَّةَ أَحَدِكُمْ، وَأَمْرَ الْعَامَّة»

  “Hasten to do good deeds before six things appear: the rising of the sun from the west; the smoke; the Dajjal; the beast; the (death) of one of your favorite, or general affliction.” [This was recorded by Muslim alone.]


Muslim also recorded that Abu Hurayrah رضي الله عنه said that the Prophet صلى الله عليه السلام said:

«بَادِرُوا بِالْأَعْمَالِ سِتًّا: الدَّجَّالَ، وَالدُّخَانَ، وَدَابَّةَ الْأَرْضِ، وَطُلُوعَ الشَّمْسِ مِنْ مَغْرِبِهَا، وَأَمْرَ الْعَامَّةِ، وَخُوَيْصَّةَ أَحَدِكُم»



 “Hasten to do good deeds before six things appear: the Dajjal; the smoke; the beast of the earth; the rising of the sun from the west; and the (death of one of your favorite) or general affliction.”


Ibn Majah recorded from Anas bin Malik رضي الله عنه that the Messenger of Allaah صلى الله عليه السلام said:

«بَادِرُوا بِالْأَعْمَالِ سِتًّا: طُلُوعَ الشَّمْسِ مِنْ مَغْرِبِهَا، وَالدُّخَانَ، وَالدَّابَّةَ، الدَّجَّالَ، وَخُوَيْصَّةَ أَحَدِكُمْ، وَأَمْرَ الْعَامَّة»

 “Hasten to do good deeds before six things appear: the rising of the sun from the west; the smoke; the beast; the Dajjal; and the (death of one of your favorite) or general affliction.” [He was the only one who recorded this version.]


Abu Dawud At-Tayalisi recorded from Abu Hurayrah رضي الله عنه that the Messenger of Allaah صلى الله عليه السلام said:

«تَخْرُجُ دَابَّةُ الْأَرْضِ وَمَعَهَا عَصَا مُوسَى وَخَاتَمُ سُلَيْمَانَ عَلَيْهِمَا السَّلَامُ، فَتَخْطِمُ أَنْفَ الْكَافِرِ بِالْعَصَا، وَتُجَلِّي وَجْهَ الْمُؤْمِنِ بِالْخَاتَمِ، حَتَّى يَجْتَمِعَ النَّاسُ عَلَى الْخِوَانِ يُعْرَفُ الْمُؤْمِنُ مِنَ الْكَافِر»

“A beast will emerge from the earth, and with it will be the staff of Musa and the ring of Sulayman, peace be upon them both. It will strike the nose of the disbelievers with the staff, and it will make the face of the believer bright with the ring, until when people gather to eat, they will be able to recognize the believers from the disbelievers.”


It also was recorded by Imam Ahmad, with the wording:

فَتَخْطِمُ أَنْفَ الْكَافِر بِالْخَاتَمِ، وَتَجْلُو وَجْهَ الْمُؤْمِن بِالْعَصَا، حَتَّى إِنَّ أَهْلَ الْخِوَانَ الْوَاحِدِ لَيَجْتَمِعُونَ فَيَقُولُ هَذَا: يَا مُؤْمِنُ، وَيَقُولُ هَذَا: يَا كَافِر


“It will strike the nose of the disbelievers with the ring, and will make the face of the believer bright with the staff, until when people gather for a meal, they will say to one another, O believer, or O disbeliever.” [It was also recorded by Ibn Majah. Graded as Dha`eef by Shaikh al-Albaanee in his checking of Ibn Majah (811)]

Ibn Jurayj reported that Ibn Az-Zubayr described the beast and said, "Its head is like the head of a bull, its eyes are like the eyes of a pig, its ears are like the ears of an elephant, its horns are like the horns of a stag, its neck is like the neck of an ostrich, its chest is like the chest of a lion, its color is like the color of a tiger, its haunches are like the haunches of a cat, its tail is like the tail of a ram, and its legs are like the legs of a camel. Between each pair of its joints is a distance of twelve cubits. It will bring out with it the staff of Musa and the ring of Sulayman. There will be no believer left without it making a white spot on his face, which will spread until all his face is shining white as a result; and there will be no disbeliever left without it making a black spot on his face, which will spread until all his face is black as a result, then when the people trade with one another in the marketplace, they will say, `How much is this, O believer' `How much is this, O disbeliever' And when the members of one household sit down together to eat, they will know who is a believer and who is a disbeliever. Then the beast will say: `O so-and-so, enjoy yourself, for you are among the people of Paradise.' And it will say: `O so-and-so, you are among the people of Hell,'

This is what Allaah says:

وَإِذَا وَقَعَ الْقَوْلُ عَلَيْهِم أَخْرَجْنَا لَهُمْ دَآبَّةً مِّنَ الاٌّرْضِ تُكَلِّمُهُمْ أَنَّ النَّاسَ كَانُوا بِـَايَـتِنَا لاَ يُوقِنُونَ 


{And when the Word is fulfilled against them, We shall bring out from the earth a beast for them, to speak to them because mankind believed not with certainty in Our Ayaat.}





Source

Seeking aid from Jinn



Seeking aid from Jinn

بـسـم الله والحـمـد لله والـصلاة والـسـلام عــلى رسـول الله، وبـعـد

Shaikh Ibn Baaz رحمه الله said:

“For those who recite (perform the Ruqyah) on a patient, it is not permissible for them to seek help of the Jinn even if they are Muslims, nor asking them (for a need) – because it a means of Shirk [1]. As for the recitation (of the Qur’aan) to warn the Jinn and to remind them of Allaah, then there is no problem in that. And as for the narrations from the Jinn, they are not acceptable, as they are “Majhool” (unknown and thus unreliable) [2].”

Source:   الفوائد الجلية من دروس الشيخ ابن باز العلمية

[1] Because normally the Jinn do not help unless an act of Shirk or Kufr is done to please them – like reciting the aayaat from the Qur’aan backwards etc.

[2] Since we cannot see the Jinn, we cannot know their condition – are they reliable or not, are they telling the truth or not – their status is unknown and thus, they cannot be relied upon.






Source




Be firm upon the Truth!


بسم الله والحمد لله والصلاة والسلام على رسول الله ، وبعد

Shaikh Muhammad Ibn Saaleh al-`Uthaymeen رحمه الله said:

“Be firm, and do not change (your stance) because of the large number of attacks on you nor due to (their) being offended by your words. As long as you are upon the truth then be firm, for truth is never budged (by falsehood). Thereafter, defend (the truth) if you are in a weak position. There is nothing lesser than defending (the truth). But if you are in a strong position, then upon you is to attack (the falsehood). For the days take turns (sometimes in your favor and sometimes otherwise).


But (remember) the most important thing is that even if you are in a weaker position, then you should remain firm. And never say: ‘Oh, all the people are in opposition to this.’ Rather, be firm, for Allaah aids His Deen, His Book, His Messenger throughout the ages.

No doubt that you will face harm (from the people). Here is Imaam Ahmad, he was dragged by a mule in the market and was whipped. But he was patiently firm.

And here is Shaikh al-Islaam (Ibn Taymiyyah), who was driven around in the market on a cart and was thrown in the prison, but he remained firm.

It is not possible that the earth will always be a carpet of roses and flowers for a person who clings to the Sunnah (for he will face opposition and will be harmed by the people).”

[Sharh al-Nooniyyah of Ibn al-Qayyim by Shaikh Ibn al-`Uthaymeen (3/270)]
________________________________



`Abdullaah Ibn Mas`ood رضي الله عنه said: “The Jamaa`ah refers to those who hold on to the truth even if you are aone.” [al-Faqeeh wal-Mutafaqqih (2/404)]







Source 


observe your actions…

Abu Haazim Salamah Ibn Deenar:

Look at every act that you would hate to die while committing and then abandon it.

~Al-Musannaf|| AbdurRazaaq as-Sinani [7/194]




al-Istighfaar: The Obligation after An Obligation



al-Istighfaar: The Obligation 

after An Obligation


بسم الله والحمد لله والصلاة والسلام على رسول الله ، وبعد

Allaah تعالى says:

﴿ثُمَّ أَفِيضُوا مِنْ حَيْثُ أَفَاضَ النَّاسُ وَاسْتَغْفِرُوا اللَّـهَ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّـهَ غَفُورٌ رَّحِيمٌ﴾

{Then depart from the place from where [all] the people depart and ask Allaah for forgiveness. Indeed, Allaah is Oft-Forgiving and Most-Merciful.} [Surah al-Baqarah (2): 199]



Shaikh al-Sa`dee رحمه الله said:

“Allaah تعالى commands the one who has completed the rituals of Hajj (like stoning, slaughtering etc.), to seek His forgiveness (Istighfaar) and to do a lot of Dhikr (Remembrance). Seeking forgiveness is for the shortcomings and the negligence which happened while the slave (of Allaah) carried out the acts of worship; and Remembering Allaah is for Thanking Allaah for His blessings upon him by accommodating him in carrying out these duties and for His vast favors.

It behooves the slave, that whenever he completes the acts of worship (like the Salaah), he should seek Allaah’s forgiveness for his shortcomings and thank Him for His assistance in carrying out the duties. Don’t be like the one who thinks that he has completed his duties (flawlessly) and regards it as doing a favor to Allaah and who thinks highly about himself. This one deserves to be detested and have his deeds rejected - unlike the first one - who deserves to (have his deeds) accepted and assisted in doing more good deeds.”


[Tafseer al-Sa`dee (1/92)]





Source

”Being Arrogant to those Who are Arrogant”‏

”Being Arrogant to those Who are Arrogant”‏

Question: I noticed that when someone passed by one of my friends and greeted him, my friend not only did not reply but also gave him a rather haughty look. When I asked him why he did that, he told me that the other person was arrogant and that the Prophet (sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam) said, “Arrogance to someone who is arrogant is charity.” Is this Hadeeth authentic? And is what my friend did correct?

Answer: When one is arrogant with one of the servants of Allaah, he is perpetrating one of the major sins, and no one is permitted to be arrogant with another, even if another person is himself arrogant. One cannot cure another person’s arrogance by being the same with him; rather, one may help him by advising him sincerely and warning him about Allaah’s punishment, by saying, for example, “Fear Allaah, for verily arrogance is one of the major sins.” The Hadeeth mentioned by the questioner is false” it has no basis and is not authentically related from the Prophet (sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam).

Shaykh Muhammad bin Saalih al-`Uthaymeen

Fatawa Islamiyah, Vol. 7, Page 169, Brunei 

Allah Looks to Your Hearts – Shaykh Uthaymeen


Allah Looks to Your Hearts 

Shaykh ibn Uthaymeen

From Abū Hurayrah ‘Abdur-Rahmān ibn Sakhr, may Allah be pleased with him, who said: The Messenger of Allah, may Allah raise his rank and grant him peace, said:

«Indeed, Allah looks not to your bodies, nor to your faces, rather He looks to your hearts [and deeds].» [1]



Shaykh al-`Uthaymīn comments [2]:

Allah, the Perfect and Most High, does not look to the slaves and their bodies, and whether or not they are large or small in stature, nor whether they stand in good health or illness. He does not look to their faces, and whether or not they are beautiful or hideous. All of these affairs are of [absolutely] no significance to Allah.

Similarly, He does not look towards their lineage nor ancestry, and whether they are of nobility or ignobility, nor does He look towards their wealth. He does not look towards any of these affairs at all.

There lies no connection between Allah and His creation except through at-taqwā (righteousness). Whomever possesses more taqwā of Allah, is nearer to Him, and thus most honorable with Him, so do not take pride in your wealth, nor in your beauty, nor in your body, nor in your children, nor in your palaces, nor in your cars, nor in any worldly matter.

Indeed, if Allah granted you success in attaining at-taqwā, it is from His Grace upon you, so praise Allah. 


[1] (Related by Muslim, no. 2564.)
[2] Source: Shaykh Saalih al-`Uthaymīn, Sharh Riyād as-Sālihīn, 1/61 [Dār al-Watan].


Translated by Umm Sufyaan Faatimah

Breastfeeding a Child While Pregnant

Question: I have a 14 month old child who is still breastfed and I am also 3 months pregnant. Some sisters keep telling me that I should stop doing this as they have read in the Qur'aan that it is harmful to my baby. What is your opinion?

Answer: As for the woman while she is pregnant, there is no harm upon her if she wants to breastfeed the other baby. As for the woman who told her that it is not permissible for her to do so, then she should be asked to speak with knowledge, to speak while she has knowledge of what she says, and to present the evidences. To speak without knowledge and without giving evidences is a mistake and it is wrong. There is nothing wrong with this woman breastfeeding her 14 month old baby while she is pregnant. There is nothing against her, and Allaah knows best.


Answered by: Shaykh Fahad Al Fuhayd حفظه الله

Title of Lecture: Golden Naseehah to the Seekers of Knowledge

Date of the Lecture: November 19th, 2005 

The wives of the Prophet

The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) married the following women: 

1 – Khadeejah bint Khuwaylid (may Allaah be pleased with her) 

She was the first of his wives. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) married her when he was twenty-five years old, and he did not take another wife until after she died. All his children were born from her, except Ibraaheem. 

Al-Bukhaari entitled a chapter in his Saheeh: “The marriage of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) to Khadeejah (may Allaah be pleased with her), and her virtues,” in which he narrated a hadeeth from ‘Aa’ishah who said: “I never felt jealous of any of the wives of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) as I did of Khadeejah, although she died before he married me, because of what I heard him say about her.” Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 3815. 

2 – Sawdah bint Zam’ah ibn Qays 

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) married her in the tenth year of his Prophethood. Tabaqaat Ibn Sa’d, narrating from al-Waaqidi, 8/52-53; Ibn Katheer in al-Bidaayah wa’l-Nihaayah, 3/149 

3 – ‘Aa’ishah bint Abi Bakr al-Siddeeq (may Allaah be pleased with her) 

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) married her in Shawwaal of the tenth year of the Prophethood. Ibn Sa’d, 8/58-59. She herself said: “The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) married me when I was six years old, and consummated the marriage with me when I was nine.” Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 3894; Muslim, 1422. Al-Bukhaari (5077) also narrated that the Messenger of Allaah (S) (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) did not marry any virgin apart form her. 

4 – Hafsah bint ‘Umar (may Allaah be pleased with her) 

It was narrated from ‘Abd-Allaah ibn ‘Umar (may Allaah be pleased with him) that Hafsah’s husband Khunays ibn Hudhaafah, who was one of the companions of the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and had been present at Badr, died in Madeenah. ‘Umar ibn al-Khattaab said: I met ‘Uthmaan ibn ‘Affaan and offered Hafsah to him in marriage. I said: If you wish, I will marry Hafsah bint ‘Umar to you. He said: I will think about it. Several nights passed, then he said: I think that I do not want to get married at this time. ‘Umar said: Then I met Abu Bakr and I said: If you wish, I will marry Hafsah bint ‘Umar to you. Abu Bakr kept quiet and did not give me any response. I was more upset about him than about ‘Uthmaan. Several nights passed, then the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) proposed to her and I married her to him. Then Abu Bakr met me and said: Perhaps you felt upset when you offered Hafsah in marriage to me and I did not reply? I said: Yes. He said: Nothing prevented me from responding to your offer but the fact that I knew that the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) had mentioned her, and I did not want to disclose the secret of the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). If he had decided not to marry her, I would have accepted your offer.

Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 4005. 

5 – Zaynab bint Khuzaymah (may Allaah be pleased with her) 

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) married her in Ramadaan, thirty-one months after the Hijrah. Tabaqaat Ibn Sa’d, 8/115 

6 – Umm Salamah bint Abi Umayyah (may Allaah be pleased with her) 

Muslim (918) narrated that Umm Salamah (may Allaah be pleased with her) said: I heard the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) say: “There is no person who is faced with a calamity and says Inna Lillaahi wa inna ilayhi raaji’oon, Allaahumma ujurni fi museebati w'ukhluf li khayran minha (Truly, to Allaah we belong and truly, to Him we shall return; O Allaah, reward me in this calamity and compensate me with something better than it) but Allaah will reward him in his calamity and will compensate him with something better than that.” She said: When Abu Salamah died, I said what the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) had commanded me, and Allaah compensated me with someone better than him: the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). 

According to another report: when Abu Salamah died, I said: Who is better than Abu Salamah, the companion of the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)? But Allaah decreed that I should say it. Then I got married to the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). 

7 – Juwayriyah bint al-Haarith (may Allaah be pleased with her) 

She fell prisoner to the Muslims during the battle of Banu’l-Mustalaq, and she came to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) to ask him to help her to manumit herself and buy her freedom. He offered to buy her freedom and marry her, and she accepted. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) married her and made her manumission her dowry. When the people came to know of that, they set free their own prisoners, so as to honour the in-laws of the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). No woman brought a greater blessing to her people than she did. Narrated by Ibn Ishaaq with a hasan isnaad. Seerat Ibn Hishaam, 3/408-409. 

8 – Zaynab bint Jahsh (may Allaah be pleased with her) 

Concerning her Allaah revealed the words (interpretation of the meaning): 

“So when Zayd had accomplished his desire from her (i.e. divorced her), We gave her to you in marriage, so that (in future) there may be no difficulty to the believers in respect of (the marriage of) the wives of their adopted sons when the latter have no desire to keep them (i.e. they have divorced them)”

[al-Ahzaab 33:37] 

She used to boast about this to the other wives of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), saying: “Your families arranged your marriages but Allaah arranged my marriage from above the seven heavens.” Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 7420. 

9 – Umm Habeebah bint Abi Sufyaan (may Allaah be pleased with her): 

Abu Dawood (2107) narrated from ‘Urwah from Umm Habeebah (may Allaah be pleased with her) that she was married to ‘Ubayd-Allaah ibn Jahsh, who died in Abyssinia. Then the Negus married her to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and gave her a mahr of four thousand on his behalf, and sent her to the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) with Shurahbeel ibn Hasanah. Classed as saheeh by al-Albaani. 

10- Maymoonah bint al-Haarith (may Allaah be pleased with her) 

It was narrated from Ibn ‘Abbaas (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) married Maymoonah when he was in ihraam. Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 1832; Muslim, 1410. 

The words “when he was in ihraam” are a mistake. In fact the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) married her after he exited ihraam following ‘Umrat al-Qada’. 

See Zaad al-Ma’aad, 1/113; Fath al-Baari, hadeeth no. 5114. 

11 – Safiyyah bint Huyayy ibn Akhtab (may Allaah be pleased with her) 

The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) set her free and married her after the battle of Khaybar. Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 371. 

These are the wives of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) with whom he consummated marriage. Two of them died during the lifetime of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), namely Khadeejah and Zaynab bint Khuzaymah (may Allaah be pleased with them both). The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) left behind nine wives when he died; there is no difference of scholarly opinion on this matter. 

See Zaad al-Ma’aad, 1/105-114 

It was said that Rayhaanah bint ‘Amr al-Nadariyyah (or al-Quraziyyah) was also one of his wives. She was taken prisoner during the battle of Bani Qurayzah, and the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) chose her for himself and married her, then he divorced her then took her back. Tabaqaat Ibn Sa’d , narrating from al-Waaqidi, 8/130 


And it was said that she was a concubine. This was regarded as more likely by Ibn al-Qayyim in Zaad al-Ma’aad.



"The less people you know, the less faults will be known about you.” - Sufyaan ath-thawree  رحمه الله, Kitaab at-Tawaadu p.31

Every time you feel the loneliness of isolation...



Ibn al Qayyim al-Jawziyyah رحمه الله:

“Every time you feel the loneliness of isolation, remember your companions who have preceded you and be eager to join them; and do not be concerned with others, for they will not avail you at all before Allah. And if they call out to you during your journey, do not turn to them, for whenever you respond to them, they will take you and set you in another direction.”


[Madaarij As-Saalikeen]

Who Created ALLAH الله سبحان و تعالىٰ?’

Who Created ALLAH الله سبحان و تعالىٰ?’  
A Clarification Of A Doubt
                                                                      
Shaykh Albani [Rahimullah]

Taken from Silsilah Ahadeeth As-Saheehah of Shaykh Al-Albaani [Rahimullah]
Translated by Abbas Abu Yahya

Shaykh al-Albani refutes this doubt by researching the following Ahadeeth:

On the authority of ‘Aa’ishah -رضي الله ﺗﻌﺎﻟﯽٰعنها- who said that the Messenger of  ALLAH  الله سبحان و تعالىٰ -  ﺻﻠﯽ الله ﺗﻌﺎﻟﯽٰ ﻋﻠﯿﮧ ﻭﺍٓﻟﮧ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ- said: ‘If the Shaytan comes to one of you and says: ‘Who created you?’ say ‘ALLAH  الله سبحان و تعالىٰ .’ Then he will say: who created ALLAAH  الله سبحان و تعالىٰ? So if one of you finds this situation then say: ‘I have believed in ALLAAH  الله سبحان و تعالىٰ and His Messengers.’ This doubt will then leave you.’ Narrated by Ahmad graded Hasan by Albani [saheehah 116]


In another narration also in Saheehah (Hadeeth No.117), the Prophet - ﺻﻠﯽ الله ﺗﻌﺎﻟﯽٰ ﻋﻠﯿﮧ ﻭﺍٓﻟﮧ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ- said: ‘The Shaytan comes to one of you and says: ‘Who created this? Who created that? Who created this? Until he says who created your lord? So if this reaches you then seek refuge in  ALLAH  الله سبحانه و تعالىٰand it will end.’ Narrated by Bukhari, Muslim and Ibn Sunni.


In the wording narrated by Abu Hurairah  رضي الله ﺗﻌﺎﻟﯽٰ عنه, The Messenger of ALLAH  الله سبحان و تعالىٰ  - ﺻﻠﯽ الله ﺗﻌﺎﻟﯽٰ ﻋﻠﯿﮧ ﻭﺍٓﻟﮧ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ said: ‘The people will question one another so much that one of them will say: So ALLAH  الله سبحان و تعالىٰ created the creation, then who created Allaah Azza wa Jal? So if they say this, then say:

Begotten, And There Is None Like Unto Him. >> Then he should spittle to his left three times and seek refuge from the Shaytan. Narrated by Abu Dawood & Ibn Sunni and graded Hasan by Albani.

Then Shaykh Albani comments by saying:

Fiqh al-Hadeeth:

These authentic Ahadeeth indicate that it is obligatory for the one Shaytan whispers to, by saying ‘who created ALLAH  الله سبحان و تعالىٰ?’, that he turns away from debating with him and responds with what was mentioned in the previous Ahadeeth, the summary of which is:

I have believed in ALLAAH  الله سبحان و تعالىٰ and His Messengers. ‘He is ALLAH  الله سبحان و تعالىٰ, The One, Allaahus-Samad, He does not beget nor was He begotten, and there is none like unto Him.’ Then he should spittle to his left three times and seek refuge from the Shaytan. This (then) stops him from being carried away by the whisperings of Shaytan.

I truly believe that whoever does this sincerely, out of obedience to ALLAAH  الله سبحان و تعالىٰ and His Messenger, these whisperings will definitely leave him and his Shaytan will be defeated due to the saying of the Messenger of ALLAAH  الله سبحان و تعالىٰ-   ( ﺻﻠﯽ الله ﺗﻌﺎﻟﯽٰ ﻋﻠﯿﮧ ﻭﺍٓﻟﮧ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ) -: ‘Then this doubt will leave you.’


This noble prophetic teaching is more beneficial and more definitive against whisperings than intellectual debate in this issue, since it is very rare that such a debate will be beneficial. What is sad is that the majority of people are neglectful of this noble prophetic teaching! So take heed O Muslims, learn the Sunnah of your Prophet and implement it, in it is cure and honour for you.’ [Silsilah Saheehah: 118]

‘Umar Ibn Al-Khattaab was very protective of the Prophet’s wives




‘Umar Ibn Al-Khattaab was very protective of the Prophet’s wives. They were all very innocent and pious and yet, as ‘Umar certainly remembered, that did not stop the hypocrite ‘Abdullaah Ibn Ubay from slandering ‘Aa’ishah. Thus, ‘Umar would do everything in his power to safeguard the honour of the Prophet’s wives.

So when the Prophet’s wives asked ‘Umar to perform Hajj, he denied their request. Then, when they continued to implore him for permission, he met them halfway, saying to them: “I will grant you permission to go the following year, and yet even that is something I do not truly agree with.“

The following year,’Umar sent ‘Uthmaan Ibn ‘Affaan and ‘Abdur-Rahmaan Ibn ‘Awf to accompany the Mothers of the believers during their pilgrimage. And ‘Umar gave both of them strict orders; one of them was to walk ahead of the Prophet’s wives, and the other was to walk behind them. They were not to allow anyone to walk alongside the Prophet’s wives. When they had to stop to set up camp, they were to set up camp in a mountain pass (an enclosed area); as long as the Prophet’s wives rested inside the mountain pass, they were to stand guard at the entrance of the mountain pass; they were to allow no one to enter upon the Prophet’s wives.

And when the Prophet’s wives performed Tawaaf around the Ka’bah, they were to forbid all men from performing Tawaaf at the same time.


[Tabaqaat, Ibn Sa'd al-Baghdadi, 8/109]

Niqaabee or Muntaqibah?

Niqaabee or Muntaqibah?


From Abee Ruqayyatah Timeem ibn Aaws Ad-Daaree, may Allah be pleased with him,that An-Nabiyee, sallallahu alayhi wa sallama said: "Ad-Deenu An-Naseehah (the Religion is of sincere advisement)", we said: To whom?"To Allah, to His Book, to His Messenger, and to the leaders of Al-Muslimeen and to their common folk”. (Muslim - 55).

After hearing this word Niqaabee for a while now as a term describing a woman who wears the Niqaab, I decided to see if this is the correct word to use to describe these sisters who struggle in this path, Baaraka Allahu feekunn.

First off, this word Niqaabee isnt found in such books as Al-Mu'jamu Al-Waseetu (the Intermediary Dictionary), nor is it in Al-Mu'jamu Al-Wajeezu (the Concise Dictionary). As for The Hans Wher Dictionary, its states: niqaabi: cooperative; syndicalistic; syndicalist; trade-unionist. And in the Al-Mawrid (the Resource), it states: niqaabi: union, syndicalistic.

In Webster's New World Dictionary it states: syndicalism: a theory of trade unionism in which all means of production and distribution would be brought under control of federations of labor unions by the use of general strikes, etc. - sydicalist.

The word "naqaba" means: to bore, pierce, perforate, breach, make a hole or breach; punch or drill a hole (through), as well as other similar meanings, Allah knows best.

I also called our Shaykh Aboo Abdul-A'laa Khaalid ibn Uthmaan, may Allah preserve him, and asked him about this word "Niqaabee" and its meaning. He, the Shaykh told me, that a niqaabee is someone who works with his hands, fixing and fashioning steel, metal, wood or anything similar. Who he works in factories/warehouses or similar to them. he said, as for naming a women who wears a niqaab, she is to be called Muntaqibah. He said that this is the correct word that is used to name her as, not niqaabee. I also talked to one of my teachers, he also said as Shaykh Khaalid said, that muntaqibah is the term used to describe a woman who wears the niqaab and not niqaabee. He said that this word niqaabee is a word from Al-Aamiyyah (slang) for a woman who wears a niqaab, as is munaqqabah. He said, a niqaabee is a worker/a laborer.

This is just sincere advise from a brother who needs advice and correction, more than he is to be giving advice or correction. 


May Allah forgive me, you and all of the Muslims for our shortcomings. Also may He continue to guide all of the Muntaqibaat in their striving. Aameen.

The time for offering the sacrifice begins after the Eid prayer

The time for offering the sacrifice begins after the Eid prayer

Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen said in Ahkaam al-Udhiyah, concerning the time for offering the sacrifice: 

It is from after the Eid prayer on the Day of Sacrifice until the sun sets on the last of the days of al-tashreeq, which is the thirteenth of Dhu’l-Hijjah. So there are four days of sacrifice: the day of Eid after the prayer, and three days after that. Whoever slaughters his sacrifice before the Eid prayer is over, or after the sun sets on the thirteenth, his sacrifice is not valid … but if he has an excuse for delaying it until after the days of al-tashreeq, such as if the animal ran away with no negligence on his part, and he did not find it until after the time was over, or if he delegated someone to do it on his behalf and his deputy forgot until the time was over, then there is nothing wrong with offering the sacrifice after the time has ended, because there is an excuse, by analogy with the fact that one who sleeps and misses a prayer or forgets it should offer the prayer as soon as he wakes up or remembers it. 

It is permissible to offer the sacrifice during that time by night or by day, but it is better during the day, and the day of Eid after the two khutbahs is the best time. Each day is better than the following day, because that is hastening to do good. 

It says in Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah (11/406): 

The days of sacrifice for pilgrims performing qiraan or tamattu’, and for offering the sacrifice (udhiyah) are four: the day of Eid and the three days after that. The time for sacrifice ends when the sun sets on the fourth day, according to the soundest scholarly opinion. 

It is better to hasten to offer the sacrifice after the Eid prayer, as the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to do, then the first thing he would eat on the day of Eid would be meat from his sacrifice. 

Ahmad (22475) narrated that Buraydah (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) did not go out on the day of (Eid) al-Fitr until he had eaten, and he did not eat on the day of (Eid) al-Adha until he came back, then he would eat from his sacrifice. 

Al-Zayla’i narrated in Nasb al-Raayah (2/221) that Ibn al-Qattaan classed it as saheeh. 

Ibn al-Qayyim (may Allaah have mercy on him) said in Zaad al-Ma’aad (2/319): 


‘Ali ibn Abi Taalib (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: “The days of sacrifice are the Day of Sacrifice (yawm al-nahr) and the three days after it.” This is the view of the imam of the people of Basra, al-Hasan; the imam of the people of Makkah, ‘Ata’ ibn Abi Rabaah; the imam of the people of Syria, al-Awzaa’i; and the imam of the fuqaha’ of hadeeth, al-Shaafa’i (may Allaah have mercy on him). It was also the view favoured by Ibn al-Mundhir. The three days are specified because they are the days of Mina, the days of stoning (the Jamaraat) and the day of al-Tashreeq. It is forbidden to fast on these days. It was narrated via two isnaads, one of which supports the other, that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “All of Mina is the place of sacrifice, and all the days of al-tashreeq are days of sacrifice.” The hadeeth was classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in al-Silsilah al-Saheehah, 2476.

The Month of Dhul-Hijjah

The Month of Dhul-Hijjah


Source: Al-Istiqaamah Magazine, Issue No.6 – Dhul-Qa’dah 1417H / March 1997

By the Grace of Allaah we have started the month of Dhul-Hijjah (the month of Hajj or Pilgrimage), in which Allaah has marked out, for both the pilgrims and the non-pilgrims, some very blessed days. So we shall mention here some of the virtues and rewardful acts that are connected to these blessed days.

DOING GOOD DEEDS IN GENERAL:

The first ten days of Dhul-Hijjah are the best and most virtuous days of the year. They are the days in which Allaah the Mighty and Majestic – most loves the doing of good deeds. About this the Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “The best days in the world are the ten days.” [1]

Imaam Ibnul-Qayyim (d.751H) – rahimahullaah – said, “Indeed, its days are the most excellent of all the days with Allaah. And it has been confirmed in Saheehul-Bukhaaree (2/382), from Ibn ’Abbaas (radiyallaahu ’anhumaa) who said, that Allaah’s Messenger (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “There ore no days during which good deeds are more beloved to Allaah than these (ten) days.” He was then asked, ‘Not even jihaad in the path of Allaah?’ So he replied, “Not even jihaad in the path of Allaah, except for a person who goes out with his self and his wealth, and comes back with nothing.” And it is these ten days that Allaah has taken an oath by in His Book, by His saying,

“By the Dawn and by the Ten Nights.” [Sooratul-Fajr 89:1-2]

This is why it is recommended to increase in making takbeer (saying Allaahu akbar), tahleel (saying Laa ilaaha illallaah) and tamheed (saying Alhamdulillaah) during these days …”[2]

The Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “There are no days that are greater with Allaah, and in which good deeds are more beloved to Him, than these ten days. So increase in making tasbeeh (saying Subhaanallaah), tamheed, tahleel and takbeer, during them.”[3]

FASTING THE DAY OF ’ARAFAH:

The ninth day of Dhul-Hijjah is the day of ’Arafah, since it is on this day that the pilgrims gather at the mountain plain of ’Arafah, praying and supplicating to their Lord. It is mustahabb (highly recommended) for those who are not pilgrims to fast on this day, since the Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) was asked about fasting on the day of ’Arafah, so he said, “It expiates the sins of the past year and the coming year.” [4] Likewise, the Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, ‘There is no day on which Allaah frees people from the Fire more so than on the day of ’Arafah. He comes close to those (people standing on ’Arafah), and then He revels before His Angels saying, ‘What are these people seeking.” [5]

Imaam at-Tirmidhee (d.275H) – rahimahullaah – said, “The People of Knowledge consider it recommended to fast on the day of ’Arafah, except for those at ’Arafah.” [6]

SLAUGHTERING ON THE DAY OF AN-NAHR AND ’EEDUL-ADHAA OR THE FOLLOWING THREE DAYS:

The tenth day of Dhul-Hiijah is known as the day of an-Nahr (slaughtering), since it marks the ending of the major rites ofHajj (Pilgrimage), and commemorates the bounty and mercy of Allaah – the Most High – in that He gave His beloved Prophet Ibraaheem – ’alayhis-salaam – a ram to sacrifice in place of his firstborn son Ismaa’eel – ’alayhis-salaam. And out of the ten best days of the year, it is the day of an-Nahr which is the most excellent day of the year with Allaah.

Shaykhul-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah (d.728H) – rahimahullaah – said, “The most excellent day of the week is the day of Friday, by the agreement of the Scholars. And the most excellent day of the year is the day of an-Nahr. And some of them said that it is the day of ’Arafah. However, the first opinion is the correct one, since it is related in the Sunan collections that the Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “The most excellent days with Allaah is the day of an-Nahr, then the day of al-Qarr (the day that the Muslims reside in Minaa).” [7]” [8]

The Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “The greatest day of the Hajj (Pilgrimage) is the Day of an-Nahr (Slaughtering).” [9]

The day of an-Nahr is also known as ’Eedul-Adhaa (the Festivity of Sacrifice) and is one of the two major festivals that Allaah has granted to this Ummah. Anas (radiyallaahu ’anhu) said, ‘The Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) came to al-Madeenah and the people of al-Madeenah had – since the times of jaahiliyyah (Pre-lslaamic Ignorance) – two days which they marked out for play and amusement. So the Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, ‘I came to you, and you had two days of play and amusement in the times of jaahiliyyah. But Allaah has replaced them with something better for you: The day of al-Adhaa (sacrificing) and the day of al-Fitr (ending the Fast).” [10]

The Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) also said, “The day of al-Fitr, and the day of an-Nahr, and the days of at-Tashreeq (the three days after an-Nahr) are our days of ’Eed (festivity); and they are days of eating and drinking.” [11]

’Eedul-Adhaa, is a day in which the Muslims slaughter a camel, cow, sheep or goat, in commemoration of the sacrifice of Ibraaheem – ’alayis-salaam. And this sacrifice is an obligation upon all those who have the means to do so – according to the most correct opinion of the Scholars. [12] The basis of this is the Prophet’s (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) saying, “One who has the ability to sacrifice, but chooses not to do so, should not approach our place of (’Eed) Prayer.” [13] And his (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) saying, “Whosoever sacrificed before the Prayer, then let him do so again. But whosoever has not sacrificed, then let him sacrifice.” [14] So this order refers to those who have the ability to do so – and Allaah knows best.

As regards those who intends to sacrifice – normally the head of the household – then they are prohibited from cutting their hair or nails, starting from the first day of Dhul-Hijjah up until after the sacrifice. Allaah’s Messenger (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “When the ten days start, and one of you intends to sacrifice, then let him not cut his hair or his nails.” [15]

GLORIFYING ALLAAH WITH THE TAKBEER:

From the day of ’Arafah (the 9th of Dhul-Hijjah), up until the ’Asr Prayer on the thirteen day, are days in which thetakbeeraat (saying Allaahu Akbar) should be said. Imaam al-Khattaabee (d.456H) – rahimahullaah – said, “The wisdom behind saying the takbeeraat in these days is that in the times of jaahiliyyah (pre-lslaamic ignorance), they used to slaughter for their tawaagheet (false objects of worship). So the takbeeraat were prescribed in order to indicate that the act of slaughtering is directed to Allaah alone, and by mentioning only His – the Mighty and Majestic – Name.” [16]

Shaykhul-lslaam Ibn Taymiyyah – rahimahullaah – said, “All praise be to Allaah. The most correct saying concerning thetakbeer – that which the majority of the Salaf (Pious Predecessors), and the Scholars from the Companions and Imaams were upon – is to begin making the takbeer from Fajr (dawn) on the day of ’Arafah, up until the last day of at-Tashreeq (the thirteenth of Dhul-Hijjah), after every Prayer.” [17]

Ibn Abee Shaybah relates, “That ’Alee (radiyallaahu ’anhu) used to make the takbeer beginning after the Fajr Prayer on the day of ’Arafah, up until after the ’Asr Prayer on the last day of at-Tashreeq.” [18]

As regards the actual wording of the takbeeraat, then nothing authentic has been related from the Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam). However, certain wordings have been authentically related from a group of Companions. From them:

Ibn Mas’ood (radiyallaahu ’anhu) would say, “Allaah is great, Allaah is great. None has the right to be worshipped except Him. And Allaah is great, Allaah is great. And to Him belongs all praise. [Allaahu akbar, Allaahu akbar, Allaahu akbar, Laa ilaahaa illallaah, wallaahu akbar, Allaahu akbar wa lillaahil-hamd.]” [19]

Ibn ’Abbaas (radiyallaahu ’anhu) said, “Allaah is great, Allaah is great, Allaah is great, and to Allaah belongs all praise. Allaah is greater and Sublime. Allaah is greater to what He has guided us to. [Allaahu akbar, Allaahu akbar, Allaahu akbar,wa lillaahil-hamd. Allaahu akbar wa ajalla. Allaahu akbar ’alaa maa hadaanaa.]” [20]

Unfortunately, many Muslims have neglected the takbeer established from our Salaf (Pious Predecessors) and have instead resorted to additions which have no basis at all.

Al-Haafidh Ibn Hajr (d.856H) – rahimahullaah – said, “Indeed, additions have been invented upon this day, which have no basis at all.” [21]

And may Allaah have mercy upon the one who said,

“Every good is in following the Salaf; And every evil is in the innovations of the late-comers.”

And all praise is for Allaah, Lord of the worlds. And may Allaah extol and send the choicest blessings of peace upon our Leader, Muhammad, and upon his Family, his Companions, and all those who follow them.

Footnotes:

[1] Saheeh: Related by al-Bazzaar (1/234). It was authenticated by Shaykh al-Albaanee in Saheehul-Jaami’ (no. 1133).

[2] Refer to Zaadul-Ma’aad (1/56).

[3] Saheeh: Related by at-Tabaraanee in al-Kabeer (3/110/1) It was authenticated by al-Mundharee in at-Targheeb wat-Tarheeb (2/24).

[4] Related by Muslim (no. 1162), from Aboo Qataadah (radiyallaahu ’anhu).

[5] Related by Muslim (no. 1348), from ’Aa‘ishah (radiyallaahu ’anhaa).

[6] Refer to Jaami’ut-Tirmidhee (3/377).

[7] Saheeh: Related by Aboo Daawood (no. 1765), from ’Abdullaah Ibn Qart (radiyallaahu ’anhu). It was authenticated by al-Albaanee in Irwaa‘ul-Ghaleel (no. 2018).

[8] Refer to Majmoo’ul-Fataawaa (25/288).

[9] Saheeh: Related by Aboo Daawood (no. 1945), from Ibn ’Umar (radiyallaahu ’anhu). It was authenticated by al-Albaanee in al-lrwaa‘ (no. 1101).

[10] Saheeh: Related by Ahmad (3/103).it was authenticated by al-Haafidh Ibn Hajr in Bulooghul-Maraam (no. 398).

[11] Saheeh: Related by Ahmad (no. 1945), from ’Uqbah Ibn ’Aamir (radiyallaahu ’anhu). It was authenticated by al-Albaanee in Saheehul-Jaami’ (no. 8192).

[12] As explained by Ibn Taymiyyah in Majmoo’ul-Fataawaa (23/162-164).

[13] Hasan: Related by Ibn Maajah (no. 3123), from Aboo Hurayrah (radiyallaahu ’anhu). It was authenticated by Shaykh al-Albaanee in Takhreej Mushkilatul-Fiqr (no. 398).

[14] Related by al-Bukhaaree (no. 5562) and Muslim (no. 1960), from Jundub Ibn ’Abdullaah al-Bajalee (radiyallaahu ’anhu).

[15] Related by Muslim (no. 1977), from Umm Salamah (radiyallaahu ’anhaa).

[16] Quoted from Fathul-Baaree (21/586).

[17] Majmoo’ul-Fataawaa (24/220). However, what seems more correct is not to restrict the takbeeraat to being just after every Prayer, as al-Haafidh Ibn Hajr pointed out in Fathul-Baaree (21/587).

[18] Related by Ibn Abee Shaybah in al-Musannaf (2/1/2). It was authenticated by al-Albaanee in al-lrwaa‘ (31/125).

[19] Related by Ibn Abee Shaybah with an authentic chain of narration

[20] Related by al-Bayhaqee (3/315) with an authentic chain of narration.


[21] Fathul-Baaree (2/536).

Reasons Eemaan Increases and Decreases






:bism:

Reasons Eemaan Increases and Decreases

Shaykh Muhammad ibn Saalih al-Uthaymeen

Reference: Fiqhul ‘Ibaadaat: P.59



We wish to know what things enable Eemaan to increase and what things make it decrease?


As far as the things that make Eemaan increase, then from them:

The first reason: To know Allaah Ta’aala with His names and attributes. Indeed whenever a person’s knowledge of Allaah and His names and attributes increases, then his Eemaan increases without a doubt as a result. This is why you will find that the people of knowledge, those who know about the names and attributes of Allaah what others do not, you will find that they have stronger Eemaan than other than them from this perspective.

The second reason: To Ponder over the Ayaat (signs) of Allaah, Both the universal and legislated signs. Indeed whenever a person ponders over the universal Ayaat, which is the creation; the heavens, the earth, humans, animals and other than that, will increase in Eemaan. Allaah Ta’aala says:

{And on the earth are signs for those who have Faith with certainty. And also in your own selves, Will you not then see?} 

There are many verses that prove this. What I mean is, the verses that prove that if a person was to ponder and contemplate upon the universe, his Eemaan as a result will increase.

The third reason: 
To practice a lot of good deeds, for whenever a person increases in practicing good deeds, his Eemaan will increase, whether these deeds are from the deeds of the tongue or actions of the body parts. For indeed Dhikr, (remembrance of Allaah) increases Eemaan in its amount (i.e. the number of times one makes Dhikr) as well as in the way it is practiced. Salaat and Sawm (fasting) as well, and Hajj increases Eemaan as in regards to the number of times it is practiced, as well as in regards to the way in which it is practiced.

As for the reasons why Eemaan decreases then it is the complete opposite of what has been mentioned. So ignorance of the names and attributes of Allaah will make Eemaan decrease. Because if a person does not know the names and attributes of Allaah, then he lacks knowledge of them that [if he had] would in turn enable him to increase in Eemaan.

The second reason: That one does not ponder over the universal and legislated Ayaat of Allaah. Indeed this causes Eemaan to decrease, or in the least will stop its growth .

Thirdly: Falling into sins, for indeed the sin has a tremendous effect on the heart and on Eemaan!. This is why the messenger of Allaah صلى الله عليه و سلم said:

“The zaanee (adulterer) does not commit zinaa (adultery) while he is a believer at the time of the act.” 

Fourthly: Leaving off obedience (to Allaah and his Messenger), for indeed leaving off obedience is from the reasons that decrease one’s Eemaan. However, if this certain action of obedience was Waajib (compulsory), and one leaves it without a reason, then this is a decrease in Eemaan that one is blameworthy as well as punished for. But if it isn’t Waajib, or it is Waajib and one leaves it with an excuse, then it is a decrease of Eemaan that one is not punished for. This is why the Messenger of Allaah declared that women are deficient in ‘Aql (mentality) and Deen (Religion), and the reason he said that they had a deficiency in their Deen is because they do not pray or fast during their menses, rather they are ordered not to pray or fast, but because they are unable to practice these actions (during menses) that a man is able to practice , they decrease (in Deen) compared to a man from this perspective.

To read the book in english  http://understand-islam.net/site/index.php?option=com_wrapper&view=wrapper&Itemid=177

أسباب زيادة الإيمان
الشيخ محمد بن صالح العثيمين

المرجع: فقه العبادات للشيخ ابن عثيمين - ص59

الباب: العقيدة

هل الإيمان يزيد وينقص؟
السبب الأول: معرفة الله بسمائه وصفاته، فان الإنسان كلما ازداد معرفة بالله وبأسمائه وصفاته ازداد إيمانا بلا شك، ولهذا تجد أهل العلم الذين يعلمون من أسماء الله وصفاته ما لا يعلمه غيرهم، تجدهم أقوى إيمانا من الآخرين من هذا الوجه. السبب الثاني: النظر في آيات الله الكونية والشرعية، فان الإنسان كلما نظر إلى الآيات الكونية التي هي المخلوقات- السماوات والأرض والإنسان والبهيمة وغير ذلك- ازداد إيمانا قال الله تعالى: { وفى الأرض ءايات للموقنين (20) وفي أنفسكم أفلا تبصرون} والآيات الدالة على هذا كثيرة وأعنى الآيات الدالة على إن الإنسان بتدبره وتأمله في هذا الكون يزداد إيمانا. السبب الثالث: كثرة الطاعات، فالإنسان كلما كثرة طاعته ازداد بذلك إيمانا، سواء كانت هذه الطاعات من الطاعات القولية أو الفعلية، فالذكر يزيد الإيمان كمية وكيفية، والصلاة، والصوم، والحج يزيد الإيمان أيضا كمية وكيفية. إما أسباب النقصان فانه على العكس من ذلك، فالجهل بأسماء الله وصفاته يوجب نقص الإيمان، لان الإنسان إذا لم يعرف أسماء الله وصفاته ينقصه العلم بهذه الأسماء والصفات التي تزيد في الإيمان. السبب الثاني: الإعراض عن التفكر في آيات الله الكونية والشرعية، فان هذا يسبب نقص الإيمان، أو على الأقل ركوده وعدم نموه. الثالث: فعل المعصية فان للمعصية آثار عظيمة على القلب، وعلى الإيمان، ولهذا قال النبي عليه الصلاة والسلام: (( لا يزنى الزاني حين يزنى وهو مؤمن. والرابع: ترك الطاعة، فان ترك الطاعة سبب لنقص الإيمان، لكن إن كانت الطاعة واجبة وتركها بلا عذر، فهو نقص يلام عليه ويعاقب، وان كانت طاعة غير واجبة، أو واجبة لكن تركها لعذر، فانه نقص لا يلام عليه، ولهذا جعل النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم النساء ناقصات عقل ودين، وعلل نقصان دينها بأنها إذا حاضت لم تصل ولم تصم، مع أنها لا تلام على ترك الصلاة والصيام في حال الحيض، بل هي مأمورة بذلك، لكن لما فاتها الفعل الذي يقوم به الرجل، صارت ناقصة عن الرجل من هذا الوجه


Ten Lessons Ibn al-Mubarak Taught Us



Ten Lessons Ibn al-Mubarak Taught Us

‘Abdullah bin al-Mubarak was a scholar known for simultaneously combining numerous traits of virtue. In fact, his friends would sit and count all of the good things that were part of his character and personality. adh-Dhahabi related that they said: “Let’s sit and count the good traits that Ibn al-Mubarak has.” So, they ended up listing: “Knowledge, Fiqh, literature, grammar, language, zuhd, eloquence, poetry, praying at night, worship, Hajj, Jihad, bravery, instinct, strength, speaking little in what doesn’t concern him, fairness, and lack of conflict with his companions.”

Reading through his life story, one sees exactly this and cannot help but to derive brief yet heavy lessons from how this man lived:

1- No matter how bad you think you are, you can always become better.

In ‘Tartib al-Madarik’ (1/159), al-Qadi ‘Iyad mentioned that Ibn al-Mubarak was asked about the circumstances in which he began studying. He replied: “I was a youth who drank wine and loved music and singing while engaging in these filthy acts. So, I gathered some friends to one of my gardens where there were sweet apples, and we ate and drank until we passed out while drunk. At the end of the night, I woke up and picked up the stringed oud and began singing:

Isn’t it time that you had mercy on me * And we rebel against those who criticize us?

And I was unable to pronounce the words as I intended. When I tried again, the oud began speaking to me as if it were a person, saying the verse: {“Isn’t it time for the hearts of those who believe to be affected by Allah’s reminder?”} [al-Hadid; 16] So, I said: “Yes, O Lord!” And I smashed the oud, spilled the wine, and my repentance with all its realities came by the grace of Allah, and I turned towards knowledge and worship.”

2 – You should associate with honorable people.

In ‘Sifat as-Safwah’ (2/323), Ibn al-Jawzi mentioned: “Ibn al-Mubarak’s home in Marw was vast. It measured fifty square yards. There was no person known for knowledge, worship, manhood, or high status in Marw except that you saw him in this house.”

3 – You should be a helpful guest.

In ‘Sifat as-Safwah’ (2/324), it is narrated that when an-Nadr bin Muhammad’s son got married, he invited Ibn al-Mubarak, “and when he arrived, Ibn al-Mubarak got up to serve the guests. an-Nadr did not leave him and swore that he would tell him to leave until he finally sat down.”

4 – You should give money to the poor.

In ‘Sifat as-Safwah’ (2/327), Ibn al-Jawzi mentions that Ibn al-Mubarak “would spend a hundred thousand dirhams a year on the poor.”

5 – You should always return borrowed items to their owners.

In ‘Sifat as-Safwah’ (2/329), al-Hasan bin ‘Arafah said that ‘Abdullah bin al-Mubarak told him: “I borrowed a pen from someone in Sham, and I intended to return it to its owner. When I arrived in Marw (in Turkmenistan!), I saw that I still had it with me. Abu ‘Ali (al-Hasan’s nickname), I went all the way back to Sham to return the pen to its owner!”

6 – You should be brave, and hide your good deeds:

In ‘Sifat as-Safwah’ (2/329), ‘Abdah bin Sulayman said: “We were on an expedition in the lands of the Romans with ‘Abdullah bin al-Mubarak. We met the enemy, and when the two armies met, a man came out from their side calling for a duel. One of our men went out to him and dueled with him for an hour, injuring him and killing him. Another came out, and he killed him. He called for another duel, and another man came out. They dueled for an hour, and he injured and killed him as well. The people gathered around this man, and I was with them, and saw that he was covering his face with his sleeve. I took the edge of his sleeve and pulled it away to find that it was ‘Abdullah bin al-Mubarak,” and in the version reported by adh-Dhahabi,  he made him swear not to reveal his identity until the day he died.

7 – You should have a tender heart.

In ‘Sifat as-Safwah’ (2/330), al-Qasim bin Muhammad said: “We were on a journey with Ibn al-Mubarak, and I was always asking myself: what is so special about this man that he is so famous? If he prays, so do we. If he fasts, so do we. If he fights, so do we. If he makes Hajj, so do we.

One night, we spent the night in a house travelling on the way to Sham. The lamp went out, and some of us woke up. So, he took the lamp outside to light it, and stayed outside for a while. When he came back in with the lamp, I caught a glimpse of Ibn al-Mubarak’s face, and saw that his beard was wet with his tears. I said to myself: “This fear of Allah is what has made this man better than us. When the lamp went out and we were in darkness, he remembered the Day of Resurrection.””

8 – You should be generous to your friends.

In ‘Sifat as-Safwah’ (2/329), Isma’il bin ‘Ayyash said: “I don’t know of a single good trait except that Allah has placed it in ‘Abdullah bin al-Mubarak. My friends told me that they were travelling with him from Egypt to Makkah, and he was serving them khabis (a sweet flour dish) while he was fasting the entire trip.”

9 – You should not give in to Satan’s whispers.

In ‘Tartib al-Madarik’ (1/159), it is related that Ibn al-Mubarak was making ablution, and Satan came to him and said: “You did not wipe over this part of your body.” Ibn al-Mubarak said: “I did.” Satan said: “No, you didn’t.” So, Ibn al-Mubarak said: “You are the one making the claim, and you must therefore bring proof to back the claim up.”

10 – You should sincerely pray for people to accept Islam.


In ‘Tartib al-Madarik’ (1/162), it is related that al-Hasan bin ‘Isa bin Sirjis would walk by Ibn al-Mubarak, and he was a Christian. Ibn al-Mubarak asked who he was, and was told: “He is a Christian.” So, Ibn al-Mubarak said: “O Allah, grant him Islam.” So, Allah answered his supplication and al-Hasan became an excellent Muslim, and he travelled to seek knowledge and became one of the scholars of the Ummah.”

But I have no rights with him!



قال الأوزاعي: بلغني أنه يقال للعبد يوم القيامة: قم فخذ حقك من فلان، فيقول: ما لي قِبله حق!ـ فيقال: بلى، ذكرك يوم كذا وكذا بكذا وكذا!. ـ

Al-Awzaa’i [Rahimahu Allah] said: It has reached me that it will be said to the slave of Allah on the Day of Resurrection: Get up and go take your right from so-and-so.

He will say: But I have no rights with him!

[So it will be said: Nay, he mentioned you on this-and-that day with such-and-such! [1]

[1] Shu’aab al-Eman by al-Bayhaqi 5/305


The correct manner in answering the phone



The correct manner in answering the phone



What follows is beneficial knowledge from Ash Shaykh Al’Allaamah Al Albaanee (rahimahullaah) transmitted by way of his student Saalih bin Taha Abu Islaam in his book entitled, (what translated means) Al’aqeedah first, if they but only knew (Vol 1, pgs. 16-17), wherein he (Abu Islaam) said,

“He called me rahimahullaah (meaning Ash Shaykh Al Albaanee) one day by telephone, but I was not there. My young daughter, upon answering the telephone, said, “Assalaamu ‘alaikum wa rahmatullaah”. The Shaykh asked for me and then said to her, “Inform your father that Muhammad Naasiriddeen Al Albaanee called”. (He did not say ‘AshShaykh’ . . . and this is from his humbleness, may Allaah raise his rank in Aljannah)”.


“When I returned home, my daughter informed me that a man by the name of Muhammad Naasiriddeen Al Albaanee had called. I returned his call immediately. After he (the Shaykh) requested from me that which he had wanted, he said, “Oh Abaa Islaam, when I phoned you your young daughter answered and said, “Assalaamu ‘alaikum wa rahmatullaah” . Is this an action (mannerism) based on knowledge? Or just (your) young (daughter’s) personal action (mannerism)? We want to (derive) benefit (from this) Oh Abaa Islaam”.And this (the comment of the Shaykh) is also from his humbleness and wisdom in (conveying) Adda’wah. Then I said to him, “Truly this is from the action (mannerism) of (my young daughter) and for the first time”.

“From that which we know in this situation is that when a man (meaning collectively – ‘anyone’) answers the telephone he says, “Na’am” (Yes), then the person calling gives assalaam to the person he has called (by saying “Assalaamu ‘alaikum . . .”), then the person who answers the call returns assalaam. He (the one answering the call) does not begin with “Assalaamu ‘alaikum . . . .”

Then he (the Shaykh) rahimahullaah said: “This is from that which we know to be correct. Because the person calling is like the person who knocks on the door. There is no difference between them.

Explanation of what is to be derived from this beneficial knowledge:

From that which has been transmitted to us of the words of AshShaykh Al’Allaamah AlAlbaanee, through his student Saalih bin Taha, is that we are to answer the telephone with the word ‘Na’am’. The answerer does not give salaam first.The one calling is to give salaam first and then we respond to their salaam. The daleel is based upon that which is the proper manner (adab) for knocking on a door and the response to it.

HADITH : KNOCKING ON DOORS

Imam Ahmad recorded a narration stating that Anas or someone else said that the Messenger of Allah ( sallahu alayhi wasallam) asked for permission to enter upon Sa`d bin `Ubadah. He said: (As-Salamu `Alayka wa Rahmatullah)

Sa`d said, “Wa `Alaykas-Salam Wa Rahmatullah,” but the Prophet did not hear the returned greeting until he had given the greeting three times and Sa`d had returned the greeting three times, but he did not let him hear him [i.e., Sa`d responded in a low voice].

So the Prophet went back, and Sa`d followed him and said,”O Messenger of Allah, may my father and mother be ransomed for you! You did not give any greeting but I responded to you, but I did not let you hear me. I wanted to get more of your Salams and blessings.”

Then he admitted him to his house and offered him some raisins. The Prophet ate, and when he finished, he said,

(May the righteous eat your food, may the angels send blessings upon you and may those who are fasting break their fast with you.)

DO NOT STAND DIRECTLY IN FRONT OF THE DOOR

It should also be known that the one who is seeking permission to enter should not stand directly in front of the door; he should have the door on his right or left, because of the Hadith recorded by Abu Dawud from `Abdullah bin Busr, who said, “When the Messenger of Allah came to someone’s door, he would never stand directly in front of it, but to the right or left, and he would say,


(As-Salamu `Alaykum, As-Salamu `Alaykum.)

Ruling on having one’s ears pierced with more than one piercing


Ruling on having one’s ears pierced with more than one piercing



Shaykh Muhammad ibn Saalih al-Uthaymeen رحمه الله was asked the following question:

Question: O noble Shaykh! What is the ruling on having one’s ears pierced with more than one piercing – for the purpose of wearing gold -; so that she (the woman) can wear more than one earring in one ear?

Answer: I fear that this is from extravagance – that a woman places in her ears more than that which is the custom. 

And Allah has said:

وَكُلُوا وَاشْرَبُوا وَلَا تُسْرِفُوا ۚ إِنَّهُ لَا يُحِبُّ الْمُسْرِفِينَ

And eat and drink, but be not excessive. Indeed, He likes not those who are extravagant. [7:31]

So if the custom was that a woman had two piercings in one ear – then there is no harm (in that).

However if that was not the custom, then it is counted as being from the blameworthy extravagance.

And it is feared that the women would compete and show-off with regards to that. So one year she will have two piercings in each ear, and the next year she will have three or four piercings – until she pierces all of her ear. And this is not something far-fetched; as the women they emulate one another.

Source: Shaykh Muhammad ibn Saalih al-Uthaymeen rahimahullaah official website: 

http://www.binothaimeen.com/sound/snd/a0015/a0015-45b.rm – voice clip from 5:15 mins – 6:28 mins

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