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The benefit of learning about the deviant sects
Question: What is the benefit in the students of knowledge learning about the [deviant] sects of the Mu’tazilah, the Jahmiyyah and the Khawaarij, since they do not exist in our time?
Response: Learning about the deviant sects in our time has benefits, [from] which are:
That we know the basis for their [deviated] positions so that we can refute them if we find them, and in reality they do exist; And the questioner saying that they do not exist now [in our time] is based upon his knowledge only. However, that which is known to us and other than us who read about the affairs of the people is that these [deviant] sects are in existence and they are active in propagating their message. And because of this, it is imperative we study their opinions/views so that we know their falseness and know the truth [that we are upon] and refute those [of them] who discourse with us.
Shaykh Muhammad ibn Saalih al-’Uthaymeen
Reference: Kitaabul-‘Ilm – Page 128, Question No.25
[To read this article in spanish language click here]
Braylwiyyah | Breilwi or Barelvi
Name of group: Braylwiyyah
Adherent to group: Braylwee, plural – Braylwiyyoon
The Braylwiyyah are a Soofee sect which was born in India at the time of the British rule there.
It’s followers concern themselves in exceeding in their love and honour for the Prophets and the “saints” in general, and the Prophet (sal-Allaahu `alayhi wa sallam) specifically.
It’s founder was a man by the name of Ahmad Ridhaa Khaan ibn Taqee ‘Alee Khaan who was born in 1272 A.H. (1851 C.E.) and called himself Abdul-Mustafaa (slave/servant of Mustafaa, i.e. Muhammad (sal-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam)).
He was born in the city of Braylee in the province of Uttar Pradesh and was a student of al-Mirza Ghulaam Qaadir Begg who was the older (blood) brother of Mirza Ghulaam Ahmad al-Qaadiyaanee (founder of the Qaadiyaaniyyah sect).
He was of a slim build and known to be shrewd and clever, whilst also being ill-tempered and foul-mouthed. He used to suffer from chronic illnesses, and used to consistently complain of headaches and back pains.
He visited Makkah and studied under some of the scholars there in 1295 A.H. (1874 C.E.).
Amongst his “notable” books are: ((Anbaa. al-Mustafaa)) and ((Khaalis al-I’tiqaad)).
From the beliefs of this sect is that the Messenger of Allaah (sal-Allaahu `alayhi wa sallam) has the ability/power to control the creation and all that occurs, and that the “saints” have the ability/power to influence the creation and all that occurs.
And they have exceeded in their belief with respect to the Prophet (sal-Allaahu `alayhi wa sallam) such that they have ascended him to a rank close to that of worshipping him. And they have exceeded in their belief with respect to the Messenger of Allaah (sal-Allaahu `alayhi wa sallam) such that they believe he has knowledge of the unseen, and they deny that he was a human being, rather that he was the light (noor) of Allaah. And they also permit calling for assistance from the “saints” and the Prophets and other than them from the false beliefs.
al-Braylwiyyah: ‘Aqaa.id wa Taareekh – Ihsaan Elahe Zaheer;
al-Braylwiyyah – Masters degree thesis presented at the Faculty of Usool ad-Deen at the Islaamic University of Imaam Muhammad ibn Sa’ood in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Ten Things You Will Never Benefit From
There are ten things you will never find benefit in:
The First: Knowledge which is void of action.
The Second: Actions which are void of sincerity to Allah, and void of exemplification of
the Sunnah. (Note: These two conditions constitute the act being accepted by Allah i.e.
Ikhlaas and Ittiba’a)
The Third: Wealth which is not spent in the way of Allah, so the one who exhausted all of
his energy amassing it will not benefit from it in this life, nor will he see the fruits of it in
The Fourth: A heart which is void of the love of Allah and the ardent desire to meet him.
The Fifth: A body which is void of obedience to Allah.
The Sixth: A love for other than Allah which is void of any boundaries. (i.e. unconditional)
The Seventh: Time which is void of benefit and the individual does not take advantage of
it to do actions which would bring him closer to Allah.
The Eighth: A thought which goes through the individuals mind and will bring him no
The Ninth: Doing a favour for someone who, that favour will not bring him closer to Allah
nor will it benefit him in the affairs of his livelihood.
The Tenth: Fear and hope of someone whose forelock is in the hands of Allah, like a
captive in the company of his master, who can bring no benefit or harm to himself or
others, nor can he give life to the dead nor does he have any power over resurrection.
The worst and most detrimental of these ten is two:
1) The Heart
2) The Time
Firstly the heart, because its corruption stems from giving precedence to this transient life
over the hereafter, and time because it makes the individual feel like he will live forever
(which enables him to be even more negligent about his obligation to Allah)
The most amazing thing is when someone is presented with a situation and he turns all of
his attention towards Allah to fulfil his needs, but never takes the time to ask Allah for the
remedy he is need of to bring his heart back to life from the death of ignorance and
negligence, and the cure he is in dire need of for his disease of Shahawaat (following his
lowly desires) and Shubuhaat (doubts and misconceptions). Indeed if the heart dies, he
will never be conscious of the sins which he commits and his disobedience to Allah.
Sheikul Islaam Ibn Qayyum al-Jawziyyah
Reference: Fawaa’id of Ibn ul Qayyum – P384