Posted by أم حذيفة حياة لأندلسية at 20:31
The Ruling of cutting the portion of the hair which exceeds the grip
of the hand of the beard (the trimming of the beard more than ones hand fist):
Ash-Shaykh Bin Baaz, may Allaah have mercy upon him, said:
Has this act been authenticated from another than Ibn Umar, may Allaah be pleased with him?
A: It has been narrated from Ibn Abbaas, may Allaah be pleased with him, that he use to see that it is okay to trim the beard, as been reported by Ibn Jareer in his Tafseer (17/526) and also Ibn Abee Shaybah in his Musanaf (85/4). But however it is considered to be weak due to the narrator on Ibn Abbaas has never heard from him.
Also it has been narrated on Abee Hurairah as it has been reported by Ibn Sa'ad in his at-Tabaqaat (56/3) with a weak chain due to the narrator Abu Hilaal ar-Raasibee , he has been declared to be da'eef .Also it has been reported by al-Imaam al-Kalaal in his book at-Tarajul , page(115) with a weak chain due to one of narrators are unknown to the scholars of Hadeeth.
Also it has been narrated on A'lee bin Taalib as been reported by Ibn Abee Shaybah in his Musanaf (372/8) with a weak chain due to it containing of an unknown narrator and a weak narrator.
Also it has been narrated on Jaabir as been reported by Ibn Abee Shaybah in his Musanaf (375/8) and Ibn Sa'ad in his at-Tabaqaat with a weak chain due to it containing the narrator Abu Hilaal ar-Raasibee who has been declared to be da'eef and also the narrator narrating on Jaabir has never heard from Jaabir. This narration has another chain reported by Abu Daawud (4201) also it is weak due to the narrator narrating on Jaabir is from the narrators whose narrations are not accepted except if they say "I heard from him" due to them being known to drop narrators between them and those they are misleading that they heard from.
As for what has been said that this act has been performed by Umar bin al-khattaab then this incorrect because some of the Scholars have mentioned there is no saheeh chain or weak chain to Umar bin al-khattaab with such an narration.
The Conclusion of this research is that it is not appropriate for a Muslim to leave the proofs and evidences that indicate that the beard should be left (neither cutting it totality off nor trimming it) for the Ijtihaad (own judgement) of one the Sahaabas, may Allaah be pleased with them.