Blogger Template by Blogcrowds.

A Summarization of the Ways of Praying Qiyaamul-Layl and Witr


A Summarization of the Ways of Praying

Qiyaamul-Layl and Witr




Summarized from the book “Salaatut-Taraaweeh

of Shaykh Muhammad Naasiruddeen al-Albaanee (rahimahullaah)


Rendered into English, summarized and arranged by

Aboo Sufyaan ‘Uthmaan Beecher

_____________


Bismillaah, walhamdulillaah, was-Salaatu was-Salaamu ‘alaa Rasoolillaah, wa ‘alaa Aalihi wa Sahbihi wa man walaahum. Amma ba’du:
What follows is a summary and simplification of the various ways the Messenger of Allaah (Sallallaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) used to pray Qiyaam and Witr in Ramadaan, adapted from the beneficial book of the Imaam, the Muhaddith of this time, Shaykh Muhammad Naasiruddeen al-Albaanee – rahimahullaahu Ta’aala. We ask Allaah – ‘Azza wa Jal – to make it beneficial grant us the ability to pray them in the manner in which His Messenger (Sallallaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) prayed them and make that means for gaining closeness to Him and His forgiveness. Aameen.


There are different ways in which Allaah’s Messenger (Sallallaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) prayed Qiyaam and Witr, the summarization of which follows [1]:



(1) - 13 Rak’ah (2+2+2+2+2+2+1)


How:

2 light rak’ahs (as the sunan of ‘Ishaa’ as Shaykh al-Albaanee explains), and 11 rak’ah (2x2x2 long, followed by 2 that were shorter than those before them, then 2 rak’ah shorter than those before them, then Witr).


Evidence:

*Hadeeth of Zayd bin Khaalid al-Juhanee, collected by Muslim and others.

*Hadeeth of Ibn ‘Abbaas, collected by Aboo Daawood (1/215) and its asl is in the Saheehayn.

*Hadeeth of ‘Aa’ishah, collected by at-Tahaawee (1/165), Muslim, an-Nasaa’ee (1/250) and Ahmad (6/168)




(2) - 13 Rak’ah (2+2+2+2+5) 

How:

8 rak’aat, making tasleem between each 2 rak’ah, then make Witr with 5 rak’aat, not sitting and not making tasleem except in the 5th.
Evidence:

*Hadeeth of ‘Aa’ishah, collected by Ahmad (6/123, 230) and its sanad (chain) is saheeh according to the conditions of the Shaykhayn, al-Bukhaaree and Muslim. And it was collected by Muslim (2/166), Aboo Daawood (1/210), at-Tirmidhee (2/321) and he declared it saheeh, and ad-Daarimee (1/371) and others. Shaykh al-Albaanee mentions that this hadeeth has a supporting witness in the hadeeth of Ibn ‘Abbaas collected by Aboo Daawood (1/214) and al-Bayhaqee (3/29) and its sanad is saheeh.


Note:

Shaykh al-Albaanee (rahimahullaah) mentions that the first two rak’ahs were as those mentioned in the previous type/category, so this does not conflict with the narration of ‘Aa’ishah, “The Messenger of Allaah (Sallallaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) used to not increase in Ramadaan nor in other than it beyond 11 rak’ah”, collected by al-Bukhaaree and Muslim, Aboo Daawood (1/210), at-Tirmidhee (2/302, 303 in the print of Ahmad Shaakir), an-Nasaa’ee (1/248), Maalik (1/134) and from him al-Bayhaqee (2/495-496), and Ahmad (6/36, 73, 104).





(3) - 11 Rak’ah (2+2+2+2+2+1) 

How:

11 rak’ah, making tasleem between each 2 rak’ah, then make Witr as 1 rak’ah.



Evidence:

*Hadeeth of ‘Aa’ishah, collected by Muslim (2/155), Aboo ‘Awaanah (2/326), Aboo Daawood (1/209), at-Tahaawee (1/167) and Ahmad (6/215, 248). Shaykh al-Albaanee mentions that this hadeeth has a supporting witness in the hadeeth of Ibn ‘Abbaas collected by Aboo Daawood (1/214) and al-Bayhaqee (3/29) and its sanad is saheeh.

*Hadeeth of Ibn ‘Umar, collected by Maalik (1/144), al-Bukhaaree (2/382-385), Muslim (2/172), Aboo ‘Awaanah (2/330-331).




(4) - 11 Rak’ah (4+4+3) 

How:

11 rak’ah, making 4 rak’aat with one tasleem, then 4 rak’aat again with one tasleem, then make Witr as 3 rak’aat.
Evidence: 

*Hadeeth of ‘Aa’ishah, collected by al-Bukhaaree and Muslim.


Note:

Shaykh al-Albaanee (rahimahullaah) mentions that what is apparent from this hadeeth is that he (Sallallaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) would sit in every second rak’ah but would not make tasleem as explained by an-Nawawee and others. But there will come what nullifies this apparent meaning.



(5) - 11 Rak’ah (9+2) 

How:

9 rak’aat, sitting in the 8th rak’ah, making mention of Allaah and praising Him and sending Salaat upon His Prophet (i.e. the first Tashahhud), then make the tasleem in the 9th rak’ah (Witr), then he prayed 2 rak’ah while sitting.



Evidence:

*Hadeeth of ‘Aa’ishah, collected by Muslim (2/169-170), Aboo ‘Awaanah (2/321-325), Aboo Daawood (1/210-211), an-Nasaa’ee (1/244-250), Ibn Nasr (49), al-Bayhaqee (3/30) and Ahmad (6/53-54, 168).


Note:

Shaykh al-Albaanee (rahimahullaah) mentions two beneficial points in his footnotes.

(1)- that we see from this that the Prophet (Sallallaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) used to send Salaat upon himself and used to make this in the first tashahhud and in the last tashahhud, which refutes the one who says it is his madhhab holds it is disliked to send Salaah upon the Prophet in the first tashahhud with the dislike that is prohibited.

(2) – these last two rak’aat after the Witr (after the 9 rak’aat), in what is apparent, contradict the saying of the Prophet (Sallallaahu ‘alayhi wasallam): “Make the last of your prayer in the night an odd number (Witr).” [collected by the Shaykhayn and other than them] And the ‘Ulamaa’ differed in the agreement of these two narrations in angles that Shaykh al-Albaanee does not find any correct answer from them. So the Shaykh said: “And what is the safest approach is to stop at this saying (i.e. “Make the last of your prayer…”) because it is a general sharee’ah, and he did it (Sallallaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) as two rak’aat (rak’atayn) which indicate khusoosiyyah (that this was specific and particular to only the Prophet), and Allaah knows best.” [pg. 106, note #2]


[TN Note]: So this narration shows that he (Sallallaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) would not sit in every two rak’aat without tasleem. This is what the Shaykh referred to in regards to the explanation of an-Nawawee (rahimahullaah) in the previous category. And Allaah knows best.



(6) - 9 Rak’ah (7+2) 

How: 

9 rak’ah, making 6 and not sitting except in the 6th for the tashahhud (without tasleem), standing and making 1 rak’ah for Witr (with tasleem). Then he prayed 2 rak’aat and he was sitting (as in the previous hadeeth of ‘Aa’ishah).



Evidence: 

*Hadeeth of ‘Aa’ishah mentioned previously.



Shaykh al-Albaanee (rahimahullaah) says after mentioning these different ways [ppg.107-108]:

“These are the ways that the Messenger of Allaah (Sallallaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) used to pray the Night prayer and Witr in. And it is possible to add to them other types (or ways), and that is because it is lessened from every type from the ways mentioned what he wishes from the rak’aat and is even allowed for him to suffice with one rak’ah only, due to his saying (Sallallaahu ‘alayhi wasallam): “…so whoever wishes then let him make Witr by 5 and whoever wishes let him make Witr by 3, and whoever wishes let him make Witr by 1 (rak’ah).” So this hadeeth is a text to support the permissibility of making Witr (al-Eetaar) in these three ways mentioned in it even if it is not authentically reported from the Messenger of Allaah (Sallallaahu ‘alayhi wasallam). Rather it is authentic from the hadeeth of ‘Aa’ishah that he (Sallallaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) did not make Witr by less than seven as has preceded there.

So these five and three, if he wishes he prays them with one sitting and one tasleem as comes in the second way. And if he wishes he prays them with sitting between every two rak’ah without giving the salaam as comes in the fourth way. And if he wishes he makes the salaam between every two rak’ah and, it is the best, as comes in the third type and other than it.”


Then the Shaykh mentions what was mentioned by al-Haafidh Muhammad bin Nasr al-Marwazee –rahimahullaah- in “Qiyaamul-Layl” that what is preferred is to make the tasleem after every two rak’ah even if one wishes to pray three rak’aat, he prays two rak’ah, makes the tashahhud and tasleem and then prays one rak’ah. But all of those ways mentioned are permissible.

Shaykh al-Albaanee (rahimahullaah) concludes by saying [pg.112]:

“And it can be summarized from all that has preceded that al-Eetaar (making Witr) in any of these ways that have preceded is permissible, good, and that making Witr by three with two tashahhuds like Salaatul-Maghrib has no authentic, clear hadeeth regarding it. Rather it is not free from dislike, and due to that we choose that one does not sit between the even (rak’ah) and Witr and if he (does) sit, he makes tasleem. And this is what is better due to what has preceded. And Allaah is the Granter of Success, no Rabb besides Him.”


And Allaah knows best.

_______________________________________________
[1] One should refer back to the Shaykh’s book to review this matter in detail, Chapter 7, ppg. 99-112.

0 comentarios:

Newer Post Older Post Home