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Make up the regular Sunnah prayers

 
Ibn Maajah (1154) narrated that Qays ibn ‘Amr said:
 
The Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) saw a man praying two rak‘ahs after Fajr. The Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “Fajr prayer twice?” The man said to him: I did not pray the two rak‘ahs that come before it, so I prayed them (now). And the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) did not say anything.
 
Classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh Ibn Maajah, 948.
 
al-Tirmidhi (426) narrated from ‘Aa’ishah (may Allah be pleased with her) that if the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) did not pray four rak‘ahs before Zuhr, he would pray them afterwards.
 
Classed as hasan by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Tirmidhi.
 
Al-Nawawi (may Allah have mercy on him) said:
 
The correct view is our opinion is that it is mustahabb to make up the regular Sunnah prayers (al-sunan al-rawaatib). This is the view of Muhammad, al-Muzani, and Ahmad according to one report. Abu Haneefah, Maalik and Abu Yoosuf, according to the more well-known report from them, said: They should not be made up; our evidence is these saheeh hadeeths.
 
al-Majmoo‘, 4/43
 
Al-Mardaawi al-Hanbali (may Allah have mercy on him) said:
 
The words “and whoever misses any of these Sunnah prayers, it is prescribed for him to make them up”– this is our madhhab (the madhhab of Imam Ahmad) and is the well known view according to our companions.
 
al-Insaaf, 2/187
 
Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah (may Allah have mercy on him) said:
 
If one of the regular Sunnah prayers, such as the Sunnah prayer of Zuhr, is missed, can it be made up after ‘Asr? There are two views both of which were narrated from Ahmad. One of them is that it may not be made up; this is the view of Abu Haneefah and Maalik. The other view is that it may be made up. This is the view of al-Shaafa‘i and it is stronger. And Allah knows best.
 
Majmoo‘ al-Fataawa, 23/127
 
Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may Allah have mercy on him) was asked: Is it permissible to delay the Sunnah prayer that is offered before Zuhr, as we start Zuhr prayer, then after approximately one hour we offer the Sunnah prayers that come before and after, because the time allowed for us to pray where we are studying outside the Kingdom is only enough to do wudoo’ and offer the (obligatory) prayer only?
 
He replied:
 
If a person delays the Sunnah prayer that should be offered before until after the prayer, if that is because of an excuse then there is nothing wrong with him making it up later on, and it is acceptable. But if he had no excuse, then it is not acceptable. What the questioner has mentioned about the time only being enough to do wudoo’ and offer the obligatory prayer is an excuse; based on that, it is permissible to make up the Sunnah prayer that should come before after the prayer, but in this case one should start with the Sunnah that comes after the obligatory prayer, then make up the Sunnah that comes before.
 
Fataawa wa Rasaa’il Ibn ‘Uthaymeen, 14/194
 
ابن ماجه (1154) عَنْ قَيْسِ بْنِ عَمْرٍو قَالَ : رَأَى النَّبِيُّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ رَجُلًا يُصَلِّي بَعْدَ صَلاةِ الصُّبْحِ رَكْعَتَيْنِ . فَقَالَ النَّبِيُّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ : أَصَلاةَ الصُّبْحِ مَرَّتَيْنِ ؟ فَقَالَ لَهُ الرَّجُلُ : إِنِّي لَمْ أَكُنْ صَلَّيْتُ الرَّكْعَتَيْنِ اللَّتَيْنِ قَبْلَهُمَا ، فَصَلَّيْتُهُمَا . قَالَ : فَسَكَتَ النَّبِيُّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ . صححه الألباني في صحيح ابن ماجه (948) .
 
ولما رواه الترمذي (426) عن عائشة رضي الله عنها (أن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم كان إذا لم يصل أربعا قبل الظهر صلاهن بعده) وحسنه الألباني في "صحيح الترمذي" .
 
قال النووي رحمه الله :
 
"الصحيح عندنا : استحباب قضاء النوافل الراتبة ، وبه قال محمد ، والمزني ، وأحمد في رواية عنه ، وقال أبو حنيفة ومالك وأبو يوسف في أشهر الرواية عنهما : لا يقضي ، دليلنا هذه الأحاديث الصحيحة"  .
 
"المجموع" (4/43).
 
وقال المرداوي الحنبلي رحمه الله :
 
" قوله : (ومن فاته شيء من هذه السنن سن له قضاؤها) : هذا المذهب [يعني مذهب الإمام أحمد] والمشهور عند  الأصحاب"  .
 
"الإنصاف" (2/187) .
 
وقال شيخ الإسلام ابن تيمية رحمه الله :
 
"إذَا فَاتَتْ السُّنَّةُ الرَّاتِبَةُ مِثْلُ سُنَّةِ الظُّهْرِ . فَهَلْ تُقْضَى بَعْدَ الْعَصْرِ ؟ عَلَى قَوْلَيْنِ هُمَا رِوَايَتَانِ عَنْ أَحْمَد : أَحَدُهُمَا : لَا تُقْضَى وَهُوَ مَذْهَبُ أَبِي حَنِيفَةَ وَمَالِكٍ . وَالثَّانِي : تُقْضَى وَهُوَ قَوْلُ الشَّافِعِيِّ وَهُوَ أَقْوَى . وَاَللَّهُ أَعْلَمُ"  .
 
"مجموع الفتاوى" (23/127) .
 
الشيخ ابن عثيمين رحمه الله : هل يجوز تأخير السنن القبلية التي قبل صلاة الظهر بحيث نبدأ صلاة الظهر وبعد ساعة تقريباً نصلي السنن القبلية والبعدية ؛ لأن الوقت الذي يسمح لنا بالصلاة فيه في مكان الدراسة خارج المملكة لا يكفي إلا للوضوء والصلاة فقط ؟ 
 
فأجاب : "إذا أخر إنسان السنة القبلية إلى بعد الصلاة ، فإن كان لعذر فلا حرج عليه أن يقضيها بعدها وتجزئه ، وإذا كان لغير عذر فإنها لا تجزئه ، وما ذكرت السائلة من أن الوقت لا يتسع إلا للوضوء ولصلاة الفرض فإنه عذر ، وعلى هذا فيجوز قضاء الرواتب القبلية بعد الصلاة ، ولكنه في هذه الحال يبدأ أولاً بالسنة البعدية ثم يقضي السنن القبلية"  .
 

"فتاوى ورسائل ابن عثيمين" (14/194) .

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